“an assertively modern style [that] ran to symmetry rather than asymmetry, and to the rectilinear rather than the curvilinear; it responded to the demands of the machine and of new material [and] the requirements of mass production”-Bevis Hillier
Art Deco was a popular international design movement from 1925 until 1939, in a sense, an amalgam of many different styles and movements of the early 20th century, including Neoclassical, Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism, Art Nouveau, and Futurism.
It is characterized by use of materials such as aluminium, stainless steel, leather, lacquer, inlaid wood and exotic materials such as ivory, shark skin, and zebra skin. Its popularity peaked in Europe during the 1920s and continued strongly in the United States through the 1930s. At the time, this style was seen as elegant, functional, and modern.
It took its name, short for Arts Décoratifs, from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exposition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts) held in Paris in 1925
Art Deco represented luxury, glamour, exuberance and faith in social and technological progress. Among them were Hector Guimard, Eugène Grasset, Raoul Lachenal, Paul Bellot, Maurice Dufrêne and Emile Decoeur. These artists are said to have influenced the principles of Art Deco. Art Deco was a globally popular style and affected many areas of design. It was used widely in consumer products such as automobiles, furniture, cookware, china, textiles, jewelry, clocks, and electronic items such as radios, telephones, and jukeboxes.
Free spirited, fiercely independent and strides ahead of her time, Eileen Gray was a pioneer of Art Deco and Modernist design with an artistic output spanning furniture, architecture and textiles. Her original and daring designs were game changers and now reside in some of the world’s most prestigious private and public art collections.