The term Chippendale specifically refers to English furniture of the 1750s and ’60s made in a modified Rococo style.
Chippendale various styles of furniture fashionable in the third quarter of the 18th century and named after the English cabinetmaker Thomas Chippendale The first style of furniture in England named after a cabinetmaker rather than a monarch. It became the most famous name in the history of English furniture at a time when such craftsmanship was at its peak of its popularity.
The descriptive term Chippendale is derived from a book of furniture designs, published in 1754 in London called The Gentleman and Cabinet – Makers Director. The book was enthusiastically received as it was the first of its kind, and furniture based on Chippendale’s designs was crafted in England, on the European continent, and in the American Colonies.
Chippendale designs fall into three main styles: Gothic,Rococo and Chinese. Chippendale blended these different stylistic elements into harmonious and unified designs. The term Chippendale specifically refers to English furniture of the 1750s and ’60s made in a modified Rococo style.
Chippendale Rococo designs were French in origin, but Chippendale modified some of them for the less flamboyant English market an example of this would be his French chairs ,based on Louis XV designs . Probably the best-known Chippendale design is a broad-seated ribbon back chair , with a back rail in the form of a cupid’s bow. The most elaborate Rococo designs, carved and gilded, were those for mirror frames, girandoles, and console tables.
Some pieces of Chinese Chippendale furniture, often intended for rooms decorated in chinoiserie, or Chinese style, were japanned, or coated with oriental-style lacquer.
Chippendale Gothic used arches and curves into the backs of chairs and massive bookcases. Chippendale designs were simplified and adapted in the second half of the 18th century; two of these modified designs are country Chippendale and Irish Chippendale.