POST 1:BAUHAUS Lyonel Feininger

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1871-1956

 

 “The Berlin painter Lyonel Feininger, one of the most convinced champions of Futuristic notions … has just engaged as a teacher by Walter Gropius, the new director of the Weimar Art School”.

-reported in 1919 , by the Weimar regional newspaper

Lyonel Feininger was most well know for his paints and of his teachings at Bauhaus although. Having studied at various schools for art he practiced drawing and painting he began to feature some of his caricatures in various magazines such as “Narrenschiff”, meanwhile having exiberts for his work. He grew tired of trying to please people with his work, despite his success with his cartoons and caricature and went on with his career to do what he described as ‘free art’. He proceeded to make are that was highly influenced by french cubists in an atemp to discover his own style, doing so in 1911.

 

 

Bauhaus:

In 1919 Lyonel Feininger was assigned as a teach ( being one of the first)  for the new Bauhaus school. Feininger had not previous experience or skill teaching, it was only that the founder of the Bauhaus (Walter Gropius) knew him previously and knew him to be an skilled artist. Bauhaus was made as a school that revolved around the fine arts, design and other crafts located in Germany, being a quiet innovative school both in teachings and in the architecture of thee school structure.

Feininger was appointed master form master of printing and graphics workshop at Bauhaus , that worked well with his previous experience of studying wood cutting technique before teaching at the school.This prier experience set him apart from the other masters at Bauhaus. The first art work to be done at Bauhaus was by Feininger, a woodcut entitled ‘Cathedral’. The art work was meant to represent the unity of the different art forms in the Middle Ages through the use of the stars in the sky above the cathedral. This work was reproduced on the title page of the Bauhaus manifesto.

(seen below is the ‘Cathedral’ art work) 

 

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Feininger influenced Bauhaus immensely through his personality that contributed to the school and through his art, rather then his teachings themselves. Leaving his mark on the Bauhaus school and on the art world through his cubist pieces.

 

 

References:

http://bauhaus-online.de/en/atlas/personen/lyonel-feininger

http://bauhaus-online.de/en/athlas/das-bauhaus/idee/manifest

Books:

BAUHAUS ,editors Jeannine Fiedler and Peter Feierabend, 1999

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