Gunta Stolzl-Textile artist
gunta stolzl ,design for a runner ,12x 4.8cm ,1923, bauhaus-archive, berlin
image source Gunta Stolz Foundation
GUNTA SHOLZ 1897 -1983
Although the Bauhaus school was only operating for 14 years (1919-1933) and closed over 80 years ago,
its influence is still be felt strongly in the design world today .
We see it on our streets , interiors and furniture design , and fashion.
Gunta Stolzl was a textiles artist who’s role in the Bauhaus School of Textiles weaving workshop development was fundamental .
The change she created within the textiles field was immense . By uniting the Bauhaus set practices taught in combination with textile traditional techniques she soon became the first woman master at the school in 1925 for weaving . Under Gunta’s teaching Bauhaus weaving workshop became one of its most successful facilities.
In Gunta’s work you can see the ideas applied from her teachings with Joannes Itten ( cloud theory ), Paul Klee (visual thinking ) ,and Wassily Kandinsky (abstract art ), into a new weaving practice .
Gunta Stolzl weaving
Gunt Stolzl & Marcel Breuer ,African chair 1921.
textiles studio Bauhaus
For political reasons, Stölzl resigned from the Bauhaus in 1931 and moved to Switzerland where she founded a hand-weaving workshop in Zürich which she ran in one form or another until 1967. At that time Stölzl disbanded the workshop, resumed tapestry weaving and pursued her own work until her death in 1983. Unfortunately many of the pieces she produced during the Bauhaus period are lost, but enough remain to assure her legacy. In 1976 she was given a solo show at the Bauhaus-Archive in Berlin and her work has been included in many retrospective shows about the Bauhaus.The Museum of Modern Art in New York mounted the exhibition, Gunta Stölzl and Anni Albers, in 1990. The curator of the exhibition, Matilda McQuaid wrote:
The textile designs of Gunta Stölzl and Anni Albers are creative experiments in material, structure and color. Rejecting a nineteenth-century tradition of cloth-making that emphasized pictorial imagery, Stölzl and Albers altered the course of twentieth-century weaving by introducing new fibers and finishes and by revealing the fundamental woven structure, or the warp and weft, of the cloth.
Bauhaus: Art as Life – Gunta Stölzl: A Daughter’s Perspective